Diet & Diabetes

Winnsboro Medical Clinic>Nutrition>Diet & Diabetes

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease characterized by constantly high blood glucose (sugar) levels due to defects in the production and/or action of a hormone called insulin.  It is a lifelong disease that requires lifestyle changes to reduce the risk of serious complications and disease progression.

Healthy dieting and exercise is important for diabetics because weight loss improves blood sugars.  4 key things that a diabetic or pre-diabetic can do to reduce his/her risk for diabetes as well as complications of diabetes are:

  • Reducing high blood sugar (hyperglycemia)
  • Reducing high cholesterol
  • Reducing high blood pressure
  • Reducing or quitting tobacco use

Dietary changes must include substituting some carbohydrates for others.

  • Carbohydrates to be avoided are concentrated sugars:  soda, sugar-sweetened coffee or tea, cookies, candy, cakes, pies, and pastries
  • Instead try getting your carbohydrates from:  whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and low-fat or fat-free milk or dairy products (yogurt, cheese).

An effective eating plan that maintains these principles is the DASH diet.