The Basic Food Groups

Winnsboro Medical Clinic>Nutrition>Nutrition 101>The Basic Food Groups

The food that we eat to nourish our bodies can be broken down into 3 essential building blocks.  Refer to the Essential Nutrients page about what they are and tips on what to look for at the grocery store.

  1. Carbohydrates (Carbs) – the body’s quick energy source
  2. Fats – the body’s energy storage and building block for the brain & nerves
  3. Proteins – an essential building block for cells, organs, muscles

Foods are grouped together based on the nutritional similarities that they share.  The basic food groups are:

The Basic Food Groups

Refer to a healthy eating plan to determine how many servings of each group you should aim to eat each day.  2 healthy eating plans identified by the 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Americans are:

  1. MyPyramid
  2. DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension).  Read more about it here.